I was recently in Milan for a conference. One day, while walking around one of the suburbs, I saw a new condo development. Near the street was a large billboard advertising the condos that were being built. Continue reading “How they sell condos in Milan”
Digging himself an ever-deeper hole, Chief Executive Invertebrate at the Toronto Symphony, Jeff Melanson, has an extended brain fart over the Valentina Lisitsa affair, which I’ve already written about.
There’s a piece in yesterday’s Musical Toronto, giving Jeff Melanson a platform to try to explain his inexplicable cancellation of Valentina Lisitsa’s concert with the TSO. The article also links to a document prepared by TSO containing Lisitsa’s tweets. Unfortunately, Melanson just regurgitates his past statements albeit at greater and more boring length. Issues he could have addressed, but didn’t:
- How is “hate” defined?
- Who exactly is offended, and can they reasonably justify their offence?
- Where in Lisitsa’s contract does it say they can cut her because of her private activities?
- How were the tweets collected that allegedly demonstrate Lisitsa’s “hate” chosen? How do we know they weren’t cherry-picked? Where is the context of those tweets?
Without answers to these questions, Melanson is just blowing smoke, and he’s still a coward.
An upcoming performance by Valentina Lisitsa, a rising star in classical music, has been cancelled by the Toronto Symphony for reasons that are altogether unacceptable.
Lisitsa, born in Ukraine but ethnically Russian, has been tweeting statements about the ongoing strife in Ukraine, and that has apparently pissed off the wrong people. Media reports attribute the cancellation of her performance to a decision by TSO that her tweets are “provocative” and “deeply offensive.” (source) But try as I might, I cannot find any analysis of the situation that rises above the level of knee-jerk pandering to political correctness and, possibly, ingratiation to funders – who are admittedly few and far between these days.
The advocates for the Energy East pipeline are, in my opinion, acting unethically because they’re trying to sway public opinion in their favour by means that are not authentic.
Evidence-based policy-making is the best known way to make policy. But it’s not enough to depend on evidence, even if the evidence were fully recognized by all participants. The agents who develop evidence – discover, measure, and communicate it – are biased by their value system. Beyond that, policy-making itself has its own biases independent of the nature and quality of the evidence used.
Continue reading “Intentionally missing the point”
I recently came across an article in Globe & Mail from 2013, titled “Who will hire all the PhDs? Not Canada’s Universities.” While not especially deep, the article does raise some interesting questions that got me thinking about how the state of satisfaction of PhD-holders is a reflection on the society that contains them. Or maybe, vice versa.
Update, 5 July 2014. I came across an article in The Economist (Dec 2010), that peddles the same tired and narrow arguments as the Globe & Mail piece.
Professor Jerry Coyne has an excellent blog about evolution and, perhaps secondarily, atheism: Why Evolution Is True. I have often re-shared his posts on various social media because they just make so much sense; and I will continue to do so. Recently, however, Jerry took a bit of a swipe at Canada, and I must take exception. I do this not because I’m a patriotic Canadian, but because I sincerely believe that freedom of speech as enshrined in the First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States is extremely sub-optimal and largely responsible for the emergence of a uniquely American phenomenon, the right-wing nut job.
Jerry’s post, A Bad Week for Free Speech, covers recent happenings in Britain and India, in which events where changed or cancelled because of, as Jerry writes, “Muslims whose feelings were hurt.” He argues that those things run counter to the requirements of free speech as a key element of democracy.
Jerry writes: “Free speech is the backbone of those democracies, and, except for a few intimideated [sic] democracies like Canada and Ireland, free speech applies to all forms of criticism, political or religious.” (The links in this quote are in Jerry’s original.)
The link for Canada points to the Wikipedia page on Holocaust Denial, and mention of Canada in that page regards the fact that Canada will generally have none of this Holocaust Denial business. Since Jerry’s post is mostly about Islam, it’s not explicit how he sees Canada violating the notion of free speech. I assume that he means that one should be free to deny the Holocaust, because that’s what freedom of speech is all about, and the discussions that will ensue will determine what is true and what isn’t. If that isn’t the case, then I will certainly retract / rewrite this entry once the facts are made clear to me.
I believe that free speech is important, but that it must be tempered by what is actually known.
That is to say: one can allocate pretty much any topic of discussion into one of three categories: things that we know are true, things that we know are false, and things the truth of which we just don’t know. Speech that intentionally advocates known falsehoods as if they were true is irrational because it (a) undermines the consistency of our body of knowledge and (b) generally leads to suffering. These things happen because of the falsity of the statements made and the implications drawn from them used by some to decide on courses of action. As such, that kind of speech should not be protected by laws of free speech.
When I say “we,” I mean the collective of humanity. So while it is possible for “us” to know why the sky is blue, it isn’t the case that every individual knows it. But one may learn why the sky is blue because that information is readily available. It isn’t wrong to be ignorant, but it is wrong to maintain a falsehood in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary.
This highlights a particular aspect of free speech that I think is often overlooked: humans are at best bounded reasoners. We regularly reason with incomplete or incorrect information, and our reasoning processes are often themselves incorrect. We can make up for these shortcomings through discussion and study, but the fact remains that many things that many people believe and say are just wrong. Unfettered free speech would be fine in a world populated by perfect reasoning agents, but the assumption that we are perfect reasoners undermines the notion entirely.
Holocaust denial is an excellent case in point. To the best of my knowledge, there is absolutely no doubt that the Holocaust happened. This evidence has been accumulated over many years and with the work of thousands of individuals. It results in a body of knowledge that is as good as we can possibly make it. Denying that it happened is tantamount to denying that the sky is blue or that rocks fall when you drop them. There are certainly many people who don’t know about the Holocaust. There are even some who might be shocked to discover than humanity could have ever behaved so immorally, and so resist accepting it. But the facts are the facts, and eventually every rational person must accept those facts because to do otherwise is to deny truth and reality.
There are, as far as I can tell, only two reasons that a person might persistently deny that the Holocaust happened in the face of the overwhelming evidence: either they are mentally ill, or they seek to foment disharmony and suffering. In neither case should a caring society allow such speech to occur, because it is in no one’s interest – except the deniers – and their interests are suspect at least and evil at most.
In any case, if there were suddenly new evidence found that cast doubt on the occurrence of the Holocaust, there exists a well-defined mechanism for examining and determining the veracity of that evidence: academia. If some Holocaust denier were truly in possession of such real evidence, it should be published in peer-reviewed journals, it should be subject to close study by experts in diverse fields that pertain, it should be vetted, replicated, and considered from every angle. That’s what happens with every other serious claim; why should Holocaust denial be any different?
Instead, Holocaust deniers are weak reasoners, shrill and hateful creatures who try to spread their claims through mainstream media or through self-publication. Why? Some of them do it that way because they’re paranoid and believe that academe will quash their work. Others simply haven’t the reasoning or language skills to pose their arguments in a way that pass muster in a freshman class on rhetoric and argumentation. I’m sure that there are other reasons, but I quite honestly can’t be bothered to think about them.
Anyone can make a mistake. I am not advocating for some kind of zero-tolerance on false speech. I’m referring to the cases that are glaringly obvious. Some examples are those in the Wikipedia page for Holocaust denial that pertain to Canada. Those whose speech in Canada was limited are those who systematically continued to write and utter falsehoods in the face of readily available and overwhelming evidence that they were wrong.
There’s little to be gained by allowing entirely unfettered free speech. (This is even evident in the US Constitution, which does place limits on free speech.) And there is also much to be lost by the kind of free speech that is accepted in the US. Consider all the time and money wasted by the right wing nut jobs and by the futile discussions resulting from lies that are spread via certain media outlets. All that time and money could be used to achieve so many more meaningful goals. And the unnecessary dissent that such free speech sows in a population just stalls more important and meaningful discussions from even being started.
There’s no need to focus exclusively on the Holocaust either. Another subject very close to Jerry’s heart – and mine as well – has also been the subject of ridiculous counterarguments: evolution. There is no doubt that the modern theory of evolution is the best possible explanation of the development of complex life on earth that humanity has ever developed. It draws from evidence from disparate sciences, all of them not only confirming evolution as our best model, but simultaneously disproving every other model that has been proposed. If someone finds a serious flaw in the theory of evolution, that person can publish it in the appropriate venues. Once subjected to appropriate study and verification, there is no reason to think that a new model would not be forthcoming. But until that happens, the rantings of, for instance, creationists and intelligent design advocates only distract us from progressing and waste precious resources that would be far better spent doing other things. Creationism and intelligent design, in their current forms, are lies, and should not be afforded the protection of free speech.
There are plenty of things that can be discussed openly, even under Canada’s “limited” form of free speech – important things about international affairs, taxation, social policy, foreign aid, sustainability,… The list is very long. These are all subjects about which truth is not necessarily available; these are all subjects about which meaningful discussion is absolutely necessary. Seeking truth in its absence is always a good thing. But preaching well-known falsehoods can never be good, because it leads to nothing good. This is why free speech is important, but also why we must be willing to temper it with some limits based on what is known.
There’s an election in the air. It’s the Ontario Provincial election. And, as usual, the politicians are pandering to voters by promising all kinds of silliness. And voters are going to base their choices on election day based on the clearly falsifiable proposition that the politicians who are elected will keep their promises. There’s a better way, though: voters should vote based on a politician’s (and a party’s) performance in the past, not their promises for the future.
I’ve just joined the David Suzuki Foundation and its supporters in denouncing the undemocratic move by Conservative senators to kill the Climate Change Accountability Act (Bill C-311), November 16.
Please join us in demanding that the federal government defend Canada’s democratic traditions and the Earth’s biosphere by making governments accountable on climate change – and, if possible, ask three friends to join us, too.
Take action at http://action.davidsuzuki.org/C-311.
Steven Harper’s ultracon, intelligence-free government is at it again. Der Führer von Kanada and his cronies have decided to drop the mandatory long census form that was distributed to one in five households, in favour of a different – and relatively useless – optional long form to be distributed to more people. Besides the increased environmental impact (“optional” only means that more of them will end up unused in the trash), it undermines the information-gathering that is absolutely fundamental to plan for Canada’s future. (Updated 21 July 2010.)
I like to point out bad designs, not because I’m a pessimist, but because I sincerely believe we all learn from our mistakes – unless, of course, no one points them out. Here’s an example of bad “information design:” a pamphlet paid for by the Government of Ontario, describing tax changes arising from the introduction of the Harmonized Sales Tax (HST).